Reason 〜て/で、〜ので [JLPT grammar]

The grammar of 〜て/で and 〜ので for reasons…

Both are often used in everyday conversation, but are you clearly aware of the difference between them?

To do this, you need to be careful about the sentences after 〜て/で and 〜ので.

[Unnatural sentence]



-I can’t hear you very well, so could you say that again?


Can you find a mistake?



[Sensei’s correction]




<て/で or ので for reason>

〜て/で、×意志表現(いしひょうげん speaker’s volition or appeal)



意志表現の文法(ぶんぽう) grammar of speaker’s volition or appeal



So, you can’t use 〜てください with 〜で for a reason.






The sentence after ”〜て (reason)” often comes with the speaker’s review/feedback.




I couldn’t hear well so I didn’t understand much of what they were saying.



Did my explanation enhance your understanding?


This is a JLPT N4 (Elementary level) grammar.

N4 level is the second stage of the JLPT.

This level will allow the student to continue working on sentence building as well as new grammar points.

Students will be able to create simple sentences using various verbs and adjectives conjugations.

They will be able to survive a lot of basic situations like meeting new people, shopping, or talking about their day.


Don’t know where to start?

Take our JLPT level quiz to know exactly where your Japanese journey begins.