[Common Mistakes] Don’t say “天気がさむいです”

Today I am going to share the homework correction quoted from my JLPT N5 course!
The student’s sentence is not correct. Can you find the mistake?

 

[Student’s sentence]

今日は天気がさむいですから、家にいます。

*きょうはてんきがさむいですから、いえにいます。

 



 

[My correction]

今日は天気がさむいですから、家にいます。
今日はさむいですから、家にいます。
It’s cold today, so I’m staying home.

暑い(あつい hot), 暖かい(あたたかい warm), 寒い(さむい cold), 涼しい(すずしい cool)  are words that express temperature.
They don’t indicate weather, so they are not used with 天気(てんき).

天気 indicates a sky condition, like はれ(sunny), くもり(cloudy), 雨(あめ rain), 雪(ゆき snow).
If the weather is good, we say 天気がいい; if the weather is bad, we say 天気が悪(わる)い.

When we use the “temperature word”, we are referring to something specific.
e.g.
今日(きょう)はさむいです
It is cold today.

東京(とうきょう)の夏(なつ)はあついです
Summer in Tokyo is hot.

コンビニの中(なか)はすずしかったです
It was cool inside the convenience store.

I hope my explanation helps you. 😊

 

In the JLPT course, all lessons come with homework, if you submit your homework, I will reply with corrections.
I can break down the Japanese grammar and point out mistakes, explaining the structure and nuances of Japanese in an easy-to-understand way.
You can also ask me any questions as much as you want. I will teach you until you get it!

 

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