[JLPT grammar]〜そうだ: “conjecture” and “hearsay”

Today I am going to share the homework correction quoted from my JLPT N4 course!
The student’s sentence is not correct. Can you find the mistake?


[Student’s sentence]





[My correction]

The kid seemed happy to see his/her mother.


〜そうだ has two meanings. The first is “conjecture,”  and the second is “hearsay”.
The two are made in different ways.


If an i-adjective comes before そうだ:
(He) seems happy

(He) said he is happy.


The そうでした(past tense, polite style of そうだ) in your sentence expresses “conjecture”, so remove い from うれしい before そうでした。


I hope my explanation helps you. 😊


In the JLPT course, all lessons come with homework, if you submit your homework, I will reply with corrections.
I can break down the Japanese grammar and point out mistakes, explaining the structure and nuances of Japanese in an easy-to-understand way.
You can also ask me any questions as much as you want. I will teach you until you get it!