JLPT N4 Grammar Quiz「昨日(寝なくて/寝ないで)勉強しました」



昨日、(寝なくて/寝ないで) 勉強しました。

きのう、(ねなくて/ねないで) べんきょうしました。

Last night, I studied without getting any sleep.


寝なくて vs 寝ないで

Which one is correct?



昨日、(寝ないで) 勉強しました。

きのう、(ねないで) べんきょうしました。



AないでB=B without A



AなくてB=A, so B





I went to bed without taking a shower.



I didn’t take a shower and my body smells.



I don’t put sugar in my coffee and it is bitter.



I drink my coffee without sugar.



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