“I can’t figure out when to use が instead of は when the verb is あげます/くれます or もらいます. “

Konnichiwa! It’s Chika sensei.

Today I share my reply to a student’s question in the JLPT All-in-One course.
Students can ask questions in the comments section for all lessons.


あげます/くれます/もらいます|(receiving and giving)

[A student’s comment]


My questions are related to lesson 16.
1. it is explained [giver] は/が [recipient]に[noun]をあげます/くれます.
2. It is explained [recipient] は/が [recipient]に/から[noun]をもらいます.

I can’t figure out when to use が instead of は when the verb is あげます/くれます or もらいます. And I can’t figure out when to use から instead of に when the verb is もらいます.

Thank you for your help,


[Chika Sensei’s reply]

In this “receiving and giving verb” grammar, が is used to emphasize the giver or the recipient. (When the giver or the recipient is the main topic of discussion.)

main topic=だれ、ともだち
Emphasize the givers.

main topic=なに、とけい


In this “receiving and giving verb” grammar, you can think of them as basically the same.
To be exact, に is used only for people, but から can be used for organizations.




The teacher’s comments will be in easy to understand Japanese or English according to your level.
You can ask any questions like, “How do you say this in Japanese?”, “What’s the difference between these two words?” etc.
The teacher explains to you until you are satisfied.




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