Konnichiwa! It’s Chika sensei.
Today I share my reply to a student’s question in the JLPT All-in-One course.
I hope you will find it helpful!
可能形(かのうけい)｜Verb Potential form, JLPT N4 Course
[A student’s comment]
Why do you use が instead of を for potential form?
[Chika Sensei’s reply]
That is because [potential-form] is a non-volitional verb.
[potential-form] indicates that something is possible but no actual action is actually taken.
It has the same grammar as an intransitive verb.
Those verbs do not need an object.
So, を is not used to indicate the object.
Using を with potential-form has begun to gain acceptance among some young native speakers, but it is not yet considered standard.
So while you may occasionally hear it as slang in everyday conversation, it will be incorrect on the exam.
Did my explanation enhance your understanding?
You can ask any questions like, “How do you say this in Japanese?”, “What’s the difference between these two words?” etc., in all lesson’s comment boxes.
I will explain it to you until you are satisfied.
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Date and time:
Sunday, June 5 (10:00–11:00 a.m. Japan time)
“間違(まちが)いやすい助詞(じょし) Often confused particles”
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If you want to be clear about “Japanese particles,” you should join!
The “All-in-One course” covers all the JLPT subjects(Grammar, Listening, Reading, Vocabulary, and Mock test), you will pass the JLPT successfully.
There are over 300 lessons at each level, and with daily reminders from your teacher, you will be able to complete them all without difficulty.