[JLPT grammar] Which Should We Use: は or が for Noun Modification

Today I am going to share the homework correction quoted from my JLPT course!
The student’s sentence is not correct. Can you find the mistake?


[Student’s sentence]



[My correction]

This is a bag I bought in Japan.


When a clause with “は” modifies a noun, you should replace “は” with “が”. This is because “が” highlights the subject in a sentence that describes a noun.

これはかばんです。(This is a bag)+私は日本で買いました。(I bought in Japan)

*When modifying a noun in Japanese, the verb before the noun should be in its plain style (買った), not the polite style (買いました).


This is a cake my mother made.

The movie I saw last week with my friend was interesting.


I hope my explanation helps you.😊


The above correction is just a taste of what my JLPT all-in-one course has to offer (today’s is from the N3).

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