[JLPT grammar] Is there any difference between まま and ぱなし?

Today I am going to share the Q&A quoted from my JLPT N3 course!



Is there any difference between まま and ぱなし?
Can you provide me some examples to understand the difference?


[My Reply]

〜まま indicates to keep that condition and do the next action.

My mom and I took a walk hand in hand.

〜ぱなし indicates that the following action is expected but it remains unperformed. Often used in negative evaluations.

I left the TV on and fell asleep.
=Regret that I had to turn off the TV and did not do so.

You can also say,
With まま, regret and bad feeling are not included.
You just described this condition.


I hope my answer helps you.😊


In the JLPT course, you can ask me any questions as much as you want.
I will teach you until you get it!



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