[JLPT grammar] Is there any difference between まま and ぱなし?

Today I am going to share the Q&A quoted from my JLPT N3 course!


[Student’s question]


Is there any difference between まま and ぱなし?
Can you provide me some examples to understand the difference?



[My Reply]


〜まま indicates to keep that condition and do the next action.

My mom and I walk hand in hand.

〜っぱなし indicates that the following action is expected but it remains unperformed. Often used in negative evaluations.

I left the TV on and fell asleep.
=I regret that I did not turn off the TV.

You can also say,

With まま, regret and bad feeling are not included.
You just described this condition.


I hope my answer helps you.😊


In the JLPT course, you can ask me any questions as much as you want.
I will teach you until you get it!