“What is the meaning of modifying the Noun?”

Today I share my reply to a student’s question in the JLPT All-in-One course.
I hope you will find it helpful!


〜によって|because of, by means of, due to

[A student’s comment]


What is the meaning of modifying the Noun?
Can you give some examples?
modified and unmodified nouns?




[Chika Sensei’s reply]

Difference between 〜による and 〜によって.

Aによる[Noun] =A modifies [Noun]






Modifying Noun is how we add something descriptive to nouns.

[a noun] ケーキ cake

[To modify a noun] describe the cake
The cake that my mother made

[a noun] 学校(がっこう) school

[To modify a noun] describe the school
The school that my father used to attend.


So, “「〜による」 is used to modify a noun” means,
[a noun] 授業(じゅぎょう)

[To modify a noun] describe the class


Chika Sensei’s comments will be easy-to-understand Japanese or English according to your level.
You can ask any questions like, “How do you say this in Japanese?”, “What’s the difference between these two words?” etc.
The teacher explains to you until you are satisfied.


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